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Muay boran (Ancient boxing") or originally "Toi Muay" is an umbrella term
for the unarmed martial
arts of Thailand prior to the introduction of modern
equipment and rules in the 1930s
In the ancient empire of Siam "Thailand", each region had their own "regional unique style" of guard, stance, footwork and striking techniques, be they
"Muay Jerng" of the north, "Muay Korat" of the Northeast, "Muay Chaiya" of the south, etc. Their uniquely different ways of guards, stance, footwork, striking techniques and hand wraps clearly
represent their own unique regional style. For example Muay Chaiya had low stances which always bend their knees and wrap their hands to their wrist, whereas Muay Korat originally used straighten
legs stance and wrap their hand to elbow,due to their different ways to delivered and blocked strikes.These top notch fighters from every region of Siam were gathered to fight, later on their styles
started to merge and blend together in the Rattanakosin Era. which Their empty-handed fighting system was variously referred to as pahuyuth (from the Sanskrit bahuyuddha meaning unarmed combat),
The teaching of muay was kept up largely by Buddhist monks who in former times also served as the community's educators.
Although originally bare-knuckle, Siamese boxers at some point began
binding their fists and forearms in hemp rope. This type of match was called muay kaad cheuk. Many believe that, if both agreed beforehand, boxers would glue glass shards or broken shells on
their hemp gloves to ensure a bloody event, but this is debatable. It is generally concurred that if this practice ever existed, it was definitely not common. Some have suggested that fighters would
only apply glass to their gloves during war but not in regular matches.